Sanitary Pads Guide: Crafting Comfort with Materials, Sizes and Structure

Sanitary Pads Guide: Crafting Comfort with Materials, Sizes and Structure

Menstruation is a natural part of life for many women which is a monthly experience. The decisions we make regarding menstrual products play a vital role in our physical comfort, emotional well-being, and overall quality of life during this time. The ability to discern these options is of utmost importance, and in this article, we embark on a journey to explore the realm of menstrual hygiene.

The domain of menstrual hygiene products offers a rich assortment of choices designed to cater to various preferences and lifestyles. Ranging from traditional sanitary pads to innovative menstrual cups, with numerous variations in between, this variety can be both invigorating and somewhat overwhelming. Throughout this article, we will act as your guides, helping you navigate this abundant landscape and enabling you to determine the best fit for your unique circumstances.


According to the material, sanitary pads can be divided into 4 types: mesh, cotton-soft, pure cotton and liquid sanitary pads. By comparing the table below, we can clearly understand the differences and applicability of sanitary pads on the market:

1.mesh sanitary pads

It is so named because it has a strong ability to absorb liquids and is not easy to seep back. Especially in times of large amounts and surges, it can still keep the skin contact surface dry. Dry sanitary pads are more popular among girls who consume a lot, but they are prone to allergies and do not have the softness and comfort of pure cotton sanitary pads, so most girls will not choose them.

The main material of mesh sanitary pads is thermoplastic resin (PE), plus a microporous design. The professional term is called PE perforated film surface sanitary napkin.This material has good absorbency, is dry, is not easy to seep back, and is not prone to hot flashes.

Disadvantages: The microporous design of the plastic film on the surface can easily rub against the skin and cause allergies;

Advantages: Suitable for days with large amounts, sultry summer days, or when it cannot be replaced in a short time;
Note: Use with caution by sensitive people.

2.Cotton soft sanitary pads

Although it is called soft sanitary napkin, it is not a pure cotton sanitary napkin. The soft here refers to "cotton-like softness". Its surface layer is not pure cotton non-woven fabric, but polypropylene polypropylene, which is commonly known as PP, Polypropylene contains less cotton fiber, and some even contain no cotton fiber. This material is more absorbent than pure cotton and more comfortable than mesh.

Disadvantages: Polypropylene is also a type of plastic and has a certain risk of allergy;

Advantages: Suitable for a few days with a small amount, in autumn and winter, or when conditions permit frequent changes;
Note: Caution is required regarding sensitization potential.

3.Pure cotton sanitary pads

The surface layer of pure cotton sanitary pads is pure cotton non-woven fabric. Pure cotton fibers are beaten into a thin layer of fiber sheets with the same direction through the spunlace process, and then pressed. Because pure cotton is purely natural, no chemicals are added during processing, so it will not cause allergies.
Women who during menstruation should have the softest care. When choosing sanitary pads, you should also choose ones that are soft, skin-friendly, and non-irritating. The soft cotton material can reduce the friction between the sanitary napkin and the skin and avoid redness and swelling caused by friction.

Advantages: natural and comfortable, highly skin-friendly, low allergy rate.
Disadvantages: slightly poor absorbency, may feel wet, suitable for very sensitive people, please replace it in time.

4.Liquid sanitary pads

Don’t be fooled by the “liquid” in its name. In fact, its appearance and usage are no different from traditional sanitary pads. It is called liquid sanitary napkin because it uses high-density FlexFoamTM absorbent material derived from liquid. It is extremely water-absorbent and can absorb liquid 10 times higher than its own weight. It dries instantly and is very comfortable to use.

Advantages: fast penetration, light and dry, skin-friendly and comfortable, not easy to deform;

Disadvantages: The price is generally expensive, and some people feel that the instant suction power is not good enough. A few days when the appropriate amount is small, it may be hot and stuffy in summer.



sanitary pads are classified into daytime pads, overnight pads and day + night use pads in general.

When it comes to distinguishing between different types of Sanitary pads, one of the most straightforward and general methods is to consider their size. Sanitary pads come in various sizes, ranging from ultra thin pads to larger, more absorbent maxi overnight pads.

Usually they have wings. The main concern is that the sanitary napkin is too short and will stain your pants.

Length of sanitary pads Common sanitary napkin lengths: 175mm, 230mm, 240mm, 250mm,270mm, 290mm, 300mm, 360mm, 420mm.


Suitable for use when menstruation begins or is about to end.



Suitable for day times use.


Suitable for day or night use.



Suitable for overnight use which is consider as a maxi absorbent to face the whole night volume.

Maxi pads

Maxi pads, short for "maximum protection" pads, are a type of menstrual hygiene product designed to provide excellent absorption and protection during a woman's menstrual cycle. These pads are typically longer and more absorbent than regular pads, making them suitable for days of heavier flow.

Maxi pads are available in various sizes, with longer and wider options designed to prevent leaks and provide comfort. They often come with adhesive backing to secure them to undergarments. The top layer of maxi pads is usually made from soft, breathable materials for added comfort.

Maxi pads are a reliable choice for those seeking superior absorbency and protection during their menstrual period, ensuring peace of mind and comfort throughout the day. They offer a convenient and effective solution for managing menstruation, particularly during days when a little extra coverage is required.


The structure of sanitary pads can vary slightly depending on the brand, type, and features, but they generally share common components. Here's an overview of the typical structure of a sanitary pad:

1. Top Layer:

The top layer is the part of the pad that comes into direct contact with the body. It is designed to be soft, comfortable, and often made from a non-woven fabric that allows for quick absorption and wicking of moisture. Some top layers may incorporate perforations or a mesh-like pattern for enhanced breathability.

2. Absorbent Core:

Beneath the top layer, you'll find the absorbent core. This core is responsible for soaking up the menstrual flow and retaining it within the pad. The core is typically made of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) or wood pulp that can hold a significant amount of liquid.

3. Backing Layer:

The backing layer is the bottom part of the pad that faces your underwear. It's usually made of a waterproof or moisture-proof material to prevent leaks and keep the menstrual flow from seeping through to your clothing. The backing layer often includes adhesive strips that help secure the pad in place.

4. Wings (Optional):

Many sanitary pads, especially those designed for daytime use, come with wings or flaps that fold over the sides of your underwear to provide extra protection and keep the pad securely in place. Wings are especially useful to prevent leaks during movement.

5. Adhesive Strip:

In the absence of wings, sanitary pads often have an adhesive strip on the backing layer. This strip sticks to the inside of your underwear, ensuring that the pad remains in position.

6. Fragrance (Optional):

Some sanitary pads are scented with a fragrance to mask odors. However, it's important to note that not everyone prefers scented pads, as they can be irritating to sensitive skin.

Sanitary pads are designed to be worn externally and offer a comfortable and convenient solution for menstrual hygiene. The variations in structure and features cater to different preferences and needs, such as daytime vs. overnight use, light vs. heavy flow, and sensitivity to fragrances. Understanding the structure of sanitary pads is essential for selecting the right product that suits your individual requirements.


The article through materials, sizes, and structure underscores the importance of informed choices in menstrual hygiene. By tailoring your selection to your specific requirements, you can embrace your monthly cycle with greater comfort, convenience, and peace of mind. Remember that the world of sanitary pads offers a myriad of options, ensuring that you can always find the perfect pad that aligns with your personal preferences and lifestyle.


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